Setting Aside a Conviction (Adult)

Setting aside a conviction removes a criminal conviction from the public record of the Michigan State Police, and is sometimes referred to as an expungement. The law that allows a person to apply to have a conviction set aside provides that the record be made nonpublic so that any criminal record check, made by someone other than those agencies specified in the law, would reveal no conviction.

Conditions for Applying

A person may apply to have a conviction set aside for any crime except: 1) a conviction of a felony or an attempted felony punishable by life imprisonment; 2) a violation or attempted violation of child sexually abusive activity or material under MCL 750.145c, a violation or attempted violation of criminal sexual conduct under MCL 750.520c, MCL 750.520d, or MCL 750.520g, or a violation or attempted violation of use of the internet or a computer to commit or attempt to commit child sexually abusive activity or material, or criminal sexual conduct; or 3) a traffic offense. A person who has had more than one conviction for any offense cannot apply. A person may have only one conviction set aside.

A person who has been convicted of a nontraffic offense that is reported to the Secretary of State may apply to have the conviction set aside, but if the application is granted, the court cannot order the removal of the offense from the Secretary of State's records.

A person may apply to have a conviction set aside when 5 years have passed since the date he or she was sentenced for the conviction, as long as he or she was not imprisoned. If the person was imprisoned, he or she may apply to have the conviction set aside when 5 years have passed since being released from the term of imprisonment for that conviction.